Officially the Municipality of Mankayan, is a 1st class municipality in the province. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 35,953 people.
Mankayan is also known as a mining town, it is the location of several mines including the Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company.
There is some old coffee plantation in the no-mining communities of Mankayan and it helps the people’s livelihood. Also, some farmers nearby mining communities are now interested in using their land for coffee cultivation. Cordillera Green Network (CGN) conducted some seminars on coffee quality from seedling production to harvest and post-harvest refining in 2017. Also, CGN established the nursery for coffee seedlings in Mankayan in 2019 to support expanding their production as an alternative livelihood for farmers.